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ROMANS CHAPTER 15

Chapter 15 continues with instuction on how to treat our brother and why. He shows us what we are to do with our strength in the Lord, just as Christ did with His, being our example of love and true humility. We are reminded that Paul is speaking to an audience that is both Jew and Gentile, and we see God's plan for unity as one body made up of both. We end the chapter with a description of Paul's ministry and his example of Christ working through him.

  1. God's righteousness in our Daily life (vv. 1-13)
    1. Our liberty and our strength in Christ (vv. 1-6)
      1. (1-2) Who are they who are strong? And who are considered by Paul, the weak? See Rom. 14:14
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      2. How should we use our "strength" of faith in our position in Christ? See also Phil. 2:3,4
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        Note: From David Guzik Study Guide on Romans 15..."The idea isn't really bearing with but bearing up the weaker brother - supporting him with your superior strength.

      3. Is Paul merely speaking of being a man-pleaser here? (Remember our last chapter's discussion on edification.) What is the difference between pleasing man and true edification?
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        Note: From David Guzik..."This does not mean that the church is ruled by the whims of the weak; 'A genuine concern for the weak will mean an attempt to make them strong by leading them out of their irrational scruples so that they, too, can be strong.'(Morris)"

        From Conrad Bowman's commentary..."Our goal is peace and mutual advancement in the faith, the Christ Life from within. "...edification" is to "build up". It is the sense in which both you and your brother are under construction, a building designed for occupancy by God..."

        2 rules to remember..1) Choose to love your neighbor enough to give in 2) Be careful your giving in doesn't allow him to be firm in his weakness, but seek to build him up and make him stronger to overcome his weakness.

        From J,F,&B..."please his neighbor..'lay himself out for his good - with a view to his edification'"

      4. (3-4) Jesus our example, in fulfillment of scripture, took on the reproach of God while humbling Himself as a servant..see Phil. 2:5-11; Mark 10:42-45; and Heb. 12:2. Where is our hope as we show forbearance with our brothers and sisters in Christ, as we learn to serve with patience?
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        Note:...The duty of bearing with the weak rquires patience and needs the comfort of scripture. We have the example of patience and perseverance of Christ there, and we know that as His servants, that we should do the same. The hope in the Word is our nutrient, giving us a hope that looks ahead to God's fulfillment of His plan of salvation and unity in the body of Christ.

      5. (5-6) Note the two names of God here..The God of___________________ and____________________. See also vv. 13, and 33. Who is it that is to grant us to be likeminded, and who is that likemindedness according to? Who are we to be likeminded with? What is the purpose of that unity?
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    2. Receive one another as Jesus/ Jew and Gentile

      1. (7)How did Christ receive us? See also Col. 3:12-14
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        Note: We are reminded here that Paul is speaking to a mixed congregation of Jews and Gentiles. There was misunderstanding in the church about the law, where Israel stands, where the gentiles fit in...all of this Paul has been dealing with in Romans. Now he is showing how God's purpose is bring the two together as one, breaking down the differences, the walls of partition. See Eph. 2:11-22; Eph. 4:1-6,13-16; Eph. 5:1-2

        How can Jews who were under the law, and gentiles who never had the law, come together in unity?
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      2. (8-12) We have here the principle again of "the Jew first, then the Gentile." What purpose did He fulfill in coming to the "Circumcision"?
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      3. What is His purpose for the Gentiles?
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      4. (13) Note again here the name given of God. Where do our peace and joy come from?______________________________________As we believe what will happen?_____________________________________Where does the hope come from?_____________________________________________. Note: Gal. 5:22...joy and peace is the fruit of true faith, which is the theme of Romans. Having this we abound in hope which is all by the power of the Holy Spirit and not at all of us.

  2. Paul's ministry (14-33) The greatest secret of a truly effective life is what Christ has accomplished through us, not what we have accomplished for Him. Man was designed not to do something to make God happy, but in order that we would let God work through us. The work is His!

    1. (14-21) Paul's burden.

      1. (14-16) Paul's reason for writing. There is a constant message throughout the epistles of each apostle...that is to remind, stir up, edify the body again and again with the Word of God. See 2 Peter 1:12; 1 John 2:21; Col. 3:16; Heb. 10:24; Jude 1:20. There are other scriptures also where we see we need to keep on reminding and be reminded of the Word. It is never enough to hear it once! What kind of believers were the Roman Christians Paul was writing to?
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      2. Why did Paul feel he needed to remind them of things they seem to have known?
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        Note: "When he defines his ministry as ministering the gospel of God the apostle uses a word occurring nowhere else in the New Testament which may properly be rendered 'acting as a priest.' So the ministry of the gospel is conceived of after the pattern of priestly offering." (Murray)

      3. (17-21) Paul glories in the work God has done through him. We see some descriptions of Paul's ministry in these passages. See if you can name them.
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      4. What is the one thing Paul dared not speak of?
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    2. Paul's desire to come to Rome. (22-33)
      1. (22-24) What was Paul's explanation for not having come to see them yet, though he desired to?
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      2. Even though Paul obviously planned, did everything always work out as he planned in his ministry? See Rom. 1:13; 2:17; Acts 16:6-10
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        Note: God had unexpected ministry ahead for Paul, that gave him great opportunity to be a testimony before the emperor of Rome himself. If we follow God, relying on His Spirit and not our own understanding, God may close doors but it is always for a reason. We can trust He will guide for His purpose.

      3. (25-28) What was the duty of those who had received much?
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      4. (29-33) See Acts 20:22-33; 21:10-14, 27-28. Describe Paul's danger that lay ahead for him and his prayer request.
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      5. Where did Paul's opposition come from?
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      6. Paul finally did make it to Rome, though not the way he intended. See Acts 28:11-16. This is Paul's "triumphal entry" into Rome, as he came to them with joy, even though in chains. How does Paul's example encourage you and motivate you in your own walk with the Lord?
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      7. (33)Another description of God..the God of_________________________________.



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